You are currently viewing Industrial Total Gear Effectiveness (OEE) information with AWS IoT SiteWise

Industrial Total Gear Effectiveness (OEE) information with AWS IoT SiteWise


Total gear effectiveness (OEE) is the usual for measuring manufacturing productiveness. It encompasses three elements: high quality, efficiency, and availability. Subsequently, a rating of 100% OEE would imply a producing system is producing solely good elements, as quick as attainable and with no cease time; in different phrases, a wonderfully utilized manufacturing line.

OEE offers essential insights about how one can enhance the manufacturing course of by figuring out losses, enhancing effectivity, and figuring out gear points by efficiency and benchmarking. On this weblog put up, we take a look at a Baggage Dealing with System (BHS), which is a system generally discovered at airports, that initially look just isn’t the standard manufacturing instance for utilizing OEE. Nevertheless, by accurately figuring out the weather that contribute to high quality, efficiency, and availability, we will use OEE to watch the operations of the BHS. We use AWS IoT SiteWise to gather, retailer, remodel, and show OEE calculations as an end-to-end resolution.

Use case

On this weblog put up, we’ll discover a BHS positioned at a significant airport within the center east area. The client wanted to watch the system proactively, by integrating the prevailing gear on-site with an answer that might present the info required for this evaluation, in addition to the capabilities to stream the info to the cloud for additional processing.  It is very important spotlight that this challenge wanted a immediate execution, because the success of this implementation dictated a number of deployments on different buyer websites.

The client labored with associate integrator Northbay Options (beneath, and for machine connectivity labored with AWS Associate CloudRail to simplify deployment and speed up knowledge acquisition, in addition to facilitating knowledge ingestion with AWS IoT companies.

CloudRail's standard architecture enabling standardized OT/IT connectivity

CloudRail’s commonplace structure enabling standardized OT/IT connectivity

Structure and connectivity

To get the mandatory knowledge factors for an OEE calculation, Northbay Options added extra sensors to the BHS. Just like industrial environments, the put in {hardware} on the carousel is required to resist harsh situations like mud, water, and bodily shocks. Consequently, Northbay Options makes use of skilled industrial grade sensors by IFM Electronics with the respective safety courses (IP67/69K).

The native airport upkeep staff mounted the 4 sensors: two vibration sensors for motor monitoring, one velocity sensor for conveyor surveillance, and one picture electrical sensor counting the luggage throughput. After the bodily {hardware} was put in, the CloudRail.DMC (System Administration Cloud) was used to provision the sensors and configure the communication to AWS IoT SiteWise on the client’s AWS account. For greater than 12,000 industrial-grade sensors, the answer mechanically identifies the respective datapoints and normalizes them mechanically to a JSON-format. This straightforward provisioning and the clear knowledge construction makes it straightforward for IT personnel to attach industrial belongings to AWS IoT. The info then can then be utilized in companies like reporting, situation monitoring, AI/ML, and 3D digital twins.

Along with the quick connectivity that saves money and time in IoT initiatives, CloudRail’s fleet administration offers characteristic updates for long-term compatibility and safety patches to 1000’s of gateways.

The BHS resolution’s structure appears as follows:

Architecture Diagram

Sensor knowledge is collected and formatted by CloudRail, which in flip makes it obtainable to AWS IoT SiteWise through the use of AWS API calls. This integration is simplified by CloudRail and it’s configurable by the CloudRail.DMC (System Administration Cloud)  straight (Mannequin and Asset Mannequin for the Carousel should be created first in AWS IoT SiteWise as we’ll see within the subsequent part of this weblog).  The structure contains extra elements for making the sensor knowledge obtainable to different AWS companies by an S3 bucket that shops the uncooked knowledge for integration with Amazon Lookout for Gear to carry out predictive upkeep, nonetheless, it’s out of the scope of this weblog put up. For extra info on how one can combine a predictive upkeep resolution for a BHS please go to this hyperlink.

We are going to talk about how by having the BHS sensor knowledge in AWS IoT SiteWise, we will outline a mannequin, create an asset from it, and monitor all of the sensor knowledge arriving to the cloud. Having this knowledge obtainable in AWS IoT SiteWise will enable us to outline metrics and knowledge transformation (transforms) that may measure the OEE elements: Availability, Efficiency, and High quality. Lastly, we’ll use AWS IoT SiteWise to create a dashboard displaying the productiveness of the BHS. This dashboard can present actual time perception on all points of our BHS and provides helpful info for additional optimization.

Information mannequin definition

Earlier than sending knowledge to AWS IoT SiteWise, you have to create a mannequin and outline its properties.  As talked about earlier, we have now 4 sensors that will probably be grouped into one mannequin, with the next measurements (knowledge streams from gear):

Model Properties

Along with the measurements, we’ll add a couple of attributes (static knowledge) to the asset mannequin. The attributes signify completely different values that we’d like within the OEE calculations, like most temperature of the vibration sensors and accepted values for the velocity of the BHS.

Asset Attributes

Calculating OEE

The usual OEE method is:




Run_time/(Run_time + Down_time)


((Successes + Failures) / Run_Time) / Ideal_Run_Rate

High quality

Successes / (Successes + Failures)


Availability * High quality * Efficiency

The place:

  • Run_time (seconds): machine whole time operating with out points over a specified time interval.
  • Down_time (seconds): machine whole cease time, which is the sum of the machine not operating as a consequence of a deliberate exercise, a fault and/or being idle over a specified time interval.
  • Success: The variety of efficiently crammed models over the desired time interval.
  • Failures: The variety of unsuccessfully crammed models over the desired time interval.
  • Ideal_Run_Rate: The machine’s efficiency over the desired time interval as a proportion out of the perfect run charge (in seconds). In our case the perfect run charge is 300 baggage/hour. This worth will depend on the system and must be obtained from the producer or based mostly on subject statement efficiency.

Having these parameters outlined, the following step is to establish the weather that assemble the OEE method from the sensor knowledge arriving to AWS IoT SiteWise.


Availability = Run_time/(Run_time + Down_time)

To calculate Run_time and Down_time, you have to outline machine states and the variables that dictate the present state. In AWS IoT SiteWise, we have now transforms, that are mathematical expressions that map a property’s knowledge factors from one type to a different. Given we have now 4 sensors on the BHS, we have to outline what measurements (temperature, vibration, and so forth.) from the sensors we wish to embrace within the calculation, which might develop into very complicated and embrace 10s or 100s of variables. Nevertheless, we’re defining that the principle indicators for an accurate operation of the carousel are the temperature and vibration severity coming from the 2 vibration sensors (in Celsius and m/s^2 respectively) and the velocity of the carousel coming from the velocity sensor (m/s).

To outline what values are acceptable for proper operation we’ll use attributes from the beforehand outlined Asset Mannequin. Attributes act as a continuing that makes the method simpler to learn and in addition permits us to alter the values on the asset mannequin stage with out going to every particular person asset to make a number of adjustments.

Lastly, to calculate the supply parameters over a time period, we add metrics, which permit us to combination knowledge from properties of the mannequin.

High quality

High quality = Successes / (Successes + Failures)

For OEE High quality we have to outline what constitutes successful and a failure. In our case our unit of manufacturing is a counted bag, so how will we outline when a bag is counted efficiently and when not? There may be a number of methods to reinforce this high quality course of with using exterior methods like picture recognition simply to call one, however to maintain issues easy let’s use solely the measurements and knowledge which can be obtainable from the 4 sensors. First, let’s state that the baggage are counted by wanting on the distance the picture electrical sensor is offering. When an object is passing the band, the gap measured is decrease than the bottom distance and therefore an object detected. This can be a quite simple solution to calculate the baggage passing, however on the identical time is liable to a number of situations that may impression the accuracy of the measurement.

Successes = sum(Bag_Count) – sum(Dubious_Bag_Count)

Failures = sum(Dubious_Bag_Count)

High quality = Successes / (Successes + Failures)

Bear in mind to make use of the identical metric interval throughout all calculations.


Efficiency = ((Successes + Failures) / Run_Time) / Ideal_Run_Rate

We have already got Successes and Failures from our High quality calculation, in addition to Run_Time from Availability. Subsequently, we simply must outline the Ideal_Run_Rate. As talked about earlier our system performs ideally at 300 baggage/hour, which is equal to 0.0833333 baggage/second.

To seize this worth, we use the attribute Ideal_Run_Rate outlined on the asset mannequin stage. 

OEE Worth:

Having Availability, High quality, and Efficiency we proceed to outline our final metric for OEE.

OEE = Availability * High quality * Efficiency

Visualizing OEE in AWS IoT SiteWise

As soon as we have now the OEE knowledge included into AWS IoT SiteWise, we will create dashboards through AWS IoT SiteWise portals to supply constant views of the info, in addition to to outline the mandatory entry  for customers. Please confer with the AWS documentation for extra particulars.

OEE Dashboard

OEE Dashboard AWS IoT SiteWise


On this weblog put up, we explored how we will use sensor knowledge from a BHS to extract insightful info from our system, and use this knowledge to get a holistic view of our bodily system utilizing the assistance of the Total Gear Effectiveness (OEE) calculation.

Utilizing the CloudRail connectivity resolution, we had been in a position to combine sensors mounted on the BHS inside minutes to AWS companies like AWS IoT SiteWise. Having this integration in place permits us to retailer, remodel, and visualize the info coming from the sensors of the system and produce dashboards that ship actual time details about the system’s Efficiency, Availability and High quality.

To be taught extra about AWS IoT companies and Associate options please go to this hyperlink.

In regards to the Authors

Juan Aristizabal

Juan Aristizabal

Juan Aristizabal is a Options Architect at Amazon Internet Companies. He helps Canada West greenfield clients on their journey to the cloud. He has greater than 10 years of expertise working with IT transformations for firms, starting from Information Middle applied sciences, virtualization and cloud.  On his spare time, he enjoys touring along with his household and enjoying with synthesizers and modular methods.

Syed Rehan

Syed Rehan

Syed Rehan  is a Sr. International IoT Cybersecurity Specialist at Amazon Internet Companies (AWS) working inside AWS IoT Service staff and relies out of London. He’s protecting world span of shoppers working with safety specialists, builders and choice makers to drive the adoption of AWS IoT companies. Syed has in-depth data of cybersecurity, IoT and cloud and works on this function with world clients starting from start-up to enterprises to allow them to construct IoT options with the AWS Eco system.

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